Mention the music of Vienna, and some of us automatically think of a waltz. But as WRTI’s Susan Lewis reports, the city was a musical magnet for composers, especially from the late 18th century through the 19th and beyond.
Join us on Sunday, August 28, 2016 at 1 pm for a Philadelphia Orchestra in Concert re-broadcast featuring Yannick Nézet-Séguin leading The Philadelphians in the first of three programs celebrating Vienna. The first broadcast features music by Johan Strauss, Jr., Ludwig van Beethoven, and Heinz Carl (HK) Gruber.
MUSIC: Tales from the Vienna Woods, J. Strauss, Jr.
Susan Lewis: The waltz is just one of Vienna’s many musical treasures.
Yannick Nézet-Séguin: Vienna is maybe the richest city in terms of the scope and length and the number of composers who have been living and creating there.
SL: Among the many composers in the 18th and 19th century? Haydn, Mozart, Schubert, Brahms, and of course, Beethoven.
MUSIC: Piano Concerto No. 4, Beethoven
YNS: Beethoven was central to the first influence of Viennese—the symphonists, Viennese creating forms, the sonata form, also the exploration of the concerto form.
SL: And while many Viennese melodies are light, there’s also a darker, more serious side—from Beethoven’s quartet "Serioso"—orchestrated in 1899 by Gusatv Mahler.
MUSIC: String Quartet No. 11 (“Serioso”), Beethoven (arr. Mahler)
SL: To late 20th century compositions, such as HK Gruber’s satirical piece, Charivari
MUSIC: Charivari, Gruber
YNS: HK Gruber is of a generation reacting to the so called "Gemütlichkeit" of the Viennese, which is that everything is always okay. His take on it is that it's hiding the real, cruel truth.
SL: In music history, the Second Viennese School refers to early 20th-century composers, such as Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, and Anton Webern, whose music evolved from late Romantic to modern expressionism and 12-tone technique.